Perhaps the reason modern-day goths love the Victorian Era is the simple fact that it was a dark and macabre time period from the mid 1800s to early 1900s. There was a decided preoccupation with death and with deformity. Sideshow "freaks" created employment for those who were disabled with birth defects, but it did nothing for compassion and understanding of the human condition, no matter how that condition looks physically. Here is a collection of their ongoing documentation of what they considered "odd."
It helps to remember that some people are odd looking but normal inside and some people are normal looking but odd inside and the majority of us lie in between; a bit odd looking/a bit normal looking/a bit odd inside/a bit normal inside.
Torture medical devices -